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'Birth defect' is a wide term that encompasses different forms of conditions and physical anomalies recognizable at birth. Majority of these defects occur when the baby is growing during pregnancy. The defects can at-times even give rise to mental and physical disabilities. Babies with birth defects invariably require surgery or targeted medical treatments.
There are many types of birth defects; most common of these include:
This is the most common type of birth defect that results in facial and oral malformations in an infant. It is due to insufficient amount of tissue in the lip or mouth area due to which the tissues do not join together properly and a cleft or gap is formed.
Cleft lip is a separation of two sides of upper lip and appears as a narrow opening or gap in the skin of the upper lip. The separation may extend beyond the base of the nose including the bones of upper gum and upper jaw. Cleft palate is also referred to as a split in the roof of the mouth involving the hard palate and/or soft palate.
It may lead to eating problems, ear infections, hearing loss, speech problems, and dental problems.
The treatment of cleft lip and palate is done through Cleft lip and palate surgery. In some cases the patient may require multiple surgeries depending upon the intensity of the problem. Most of the children who are affected by the abnormality are able to achieve normal function of speech, appearance, and eating after the cleft lip and palate surgery.
The faculty at Tricity Institute of Plastic Surgery (TIPS) is actively associated with Smile Train, the leading charity organization providing cleft lip and palate surgery. Currently they have dedicated participation in the state of Himachal Pradesh, and have brought back smile to quite a number of children who were unfortunately affected by it.
Defects of the ear relate to the congenital deformities of ear consisting of unusual ear formation or even an absent ear. Most common defects include constricted ear, macrotic ear, cryptotic ear, Stahl's ear deformity etc. The abnormal structure of the ears can most times interfere with the functionality as well as the appearance of the ears, leading to strange and somewhat comic looks.
If disfigured or protruding ears are bothering your child, ear defect surgery can help improve the shape and proportion of the ears. The surgery can correct a defect in the ear structure which may have occurred at the time of birth or due to an injury/accident. This surgery can specifically treat overly large ears, protruding ears, and ears that do not have regular shape. The procedure is individual specific and is generally performed when a child is 5+ years of age, when the cartilage is more stable for correction.
Hypospadias Repair is a surgical procedure that is aimed to correct a birth defect in boys in which the urethra does not end up to the tip of the penis. Instead, the urethra ends on the bottom, or opens in the middle or bottom of the penis, and sometimes behind the scrotal area.
The procedure is usually done on boys of 6 months to 2 years. The procedure can be performed on an outpatient basis and at the most may require an overnight stay in the surgical facility.
Surgery is performed under general anesthesia. If the defects are mild, one procedure is enough for the repair. However for severe defects, one may need two or more procedures. A small piece of tissue is taken from the donor site to form a tube that can help to lengthen the urethra. It thus allows it to open at the tip of the penis. Usually a catheter may be fastened in the urethra to hold it in the new place. The catheter usually gets removed after about 2 weeks of the surgery. Dissolvable stitches are generally used that do not require any removal. There is another category of craniofacial defects. The detection of these at the time of birth often warrants timely consultation with a competent surgeon regarding the right time and prerequisites of surgery to treat the defects.
If you have been looking to seek more information on surgery for birth defects, Tricity Institute of Plastic Surgery (TIPS) can provide you with an apt choice. The facility has a team of highly experienced surgeons who are dedicated to provide in-depth consultation and suitable options for treatment to the patient. If you are interested in knowing more about the craniofacial defects and the treatment options, you should get in touch with TIPS right now. Just fill in the contact form available online to seek a free consultation. Please be assured of strict confidentiality at all times.